System Name
B2Z list of NLG systems
System Builders Dale, Geldof, Prost
Development Dates 2001-2003
Languages English
URL (if available)
who's who


Route directions have been the subject of extensive research in various areas, including cognitive science, psychology, artificial intelligence and natural language generation. Our primary perspective is that of natural language generation. Thus our aim is to investigate in how far natural language generation technology can improve the efficiency of automatically generated route descriptions. The current technological context allows for information delivery in the physical context of usage via mobile devices. This is particularly relevant for instructional discourse, such as route descriptions.


Robert Dale, Sabine Geldof, and Jean-Philippe Prost.
Generating more natural route descriptions.
In 2002 Australasian Workshop on Natural Language Processing, pages 41--48, Canberra, Australia, December 2002.

Robert Dale, Sabine Geldof, and Jean-Philippe Prost.
CORAL: Using natural language generation for navigational assistance.
In M. Oudshoorn, editor, Proceedings of the 26th Australasian Computer Science Conference (ACSC2003), Adelaide, Australia, 2003.
link Main reference

Robert Dale, Sabine Geldof, and Jean-Philippe Prost.
Using natural language generation in automatic route description.
Journal of Research and Practice in Information Technology, 37(1):89--105, 2005.

Sabine Geldof.
Corpus analysis for NLG.
In E. Reiter, H. Horacek, and K. van Deemter, editors, Proceedings of the 9th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation (ENLG'03), Budapest, Hungary, April 2003.

Sabine Geldof and Robert Dale.
Improving route descriptions on mobile devices.
In Proceedings of the ICSA Workshop on Multi-modal Dialogue in Mobile Environments, Kloster Irsee, Germany, June 2002.
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