System Name
B2Z list of NLG systems
System Builders Cavallotto, Magnini, Lavid, Matiasek, Not, Paris, Pianesi, Pianta, Power, Scott, Stock, Trost, Vander Linden
Development Dates 1994-1996
Languages English,German, Italian
URL (if available)
who's who


The GIST project addresses the construction of a multilingual generation system for texts describing administrative procedures (e.g., how to apply for a social security facility, what to do in order to get visas, etc.) starting from language independent specifications. We considered three languages: English, German and Italian. The application domain of the developed prototype is represented by instructions on how to fill out pension forms.

A longer set of references is available here.


John A. Bateman, Bernando Magnini, and Fabio Rinaldi.
The Generalized\\footnotesize \em Italian,German,English\ Upper Model.
In Proceedings of the ECAI94 Workshop: Comparison of Implemented Ontologies, Amsterdam, 1994.

Judy L. Delin, Donia R. Scott, and Anthony Hartley.
Language-specific mappings from semantics to syntax.
In Proceedings of the 16th. International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING-96), pages 292--297, Copenhagen, 1996.

Anthony Hartley and Cécile Paris.
Multilingual document production: from support for translating to support for authoring.
Machine Translation, 12(1--2):109--129, 1997.

J. Matiasek and E. Buchberger.
A tactical generator for German combining HPSG and FUF.
In Proceedings of the Fifth European Workshop on Natural Language Generation, Leiden, the Netherlands, 20-22 May 1995, 1995.

Johannes Matiasek and Harald Trost.
An HPSG-Based Generator for German: An experiment in the re-usability of linguistic resources.
In Proceedings of the 16th. International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING-96), volume 2, pages 752--757, Copenhagen, 1996.

Elena Not.
Generazione automatica di documenti amministrativi per una comunita` multilingue.
In P. Mercatali, G. Soda, and D. Discornia, editors, Progetti di Intelligenza Artificiale per la Pubblica Amministrazione. Franco Angeli Editore, 1996. Main reference

Elena Not and Oliviero Stock.
Automatic Generation of Instructions for Citizens in a Multilingual Community.
In Proceedings of the First European Language Engineering Convention, Paris, France, July 1994.

Cécile L. Paris and Donia Scott.
Stylistic variation in multilingual instructions.
In Proceedings of the Seventh International Workshop on Natural Language Generation, Kennebunkport, Maine, USA, June 21-24, 1994, Kennebunkport, Maine, USA, 1994.

L. Pemberton, A. Hartley, R. Power, and L. Gorman.
Designing a Technical Author's Workbench.
In Thea van der Geest, editor, Writers at Work: Professional Writing in the Computerized Environment. Ablex, 1994.

Fabio Pianese and Emanuele Pianta.
Description of the Italian Tactical Generator.
GIST (Generating InStructional Text: EU-LRE 062-09) Deliverable PR-2b, IRST, 1994.

Richard Power and Nico Cavallotto.
GIST: Multilingual Generation of Administrative Forms.
In INLG'96, pages 17--19, Herstmonceux Castle, Sussex, 1996.

Keith Vander Linden and Donia Scott.
Raising the Interlingual Ceiling with Multilingual Text Generation.
In Proceedings of the IJCAI workshop in multilingual text generation (International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence) 1995, pages 95--101, Montréal, Canada, 1995.

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