System Name
B2Z list of NLG systems
System Builders Wahlster et al.
Development Dates 1978-1983
Languages German
URL (if available)
who's who


(HAMburg Application-oriented Natural-language System) An interactive system where the determination of the adequate level of a response in dialogue interactions played a central role.


W. Hoeppener, T. Christaller, H. Marburger, K. Morik, B. Nebel, M. O'Leary, and W. Wahlster.
Beyond domain-independence: experience with the development of a German natural language access system to highly diverse background systems.
In Proceedings of the 8th. International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, pages 588--594, Karlsruhe, Germany, 1983.

W. Hoeppner, K. Morik, and H. Marburger.
Talking it Over: The Natural Dialog System HAM-ANS.
Technical Report ANS-26, Research Unit for Information Science and Artificial Intelligence, University of Hamburg, 1984.

A. Wahlster, W. Jameson, and W. Hoeppner.
Glancing, Referring, and Explaining in the Dialogue System HAM-RPM.
American Journal of Computational Linguistics, 1978.
Microfiche 77, 53 - 67. Main reference

W. Wahlster, H. Marburger, A. Jameson, and S. Busemann.
Overanswering Yes-No Questions: Extended Responses in a NL Interface to a Vision System.
In Proceedings of the 8th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI'83), pages 643--646, Karlsruhe, 1983. International Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence.

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