Pronunciation Key

Longman Pronunciation Dictionary: Key to phonetic symbols for English1

RP Gen
Am
Consonants RP Gen
Am
Vowels
p pen, copy, happen ɪ kit, bid, hymn
b back, bubble, job e dress, bed
t tea, tight, button æ trap, bad
  city, better2   ɒ lot, odd, wash
d day, ladder, odd ʌ strut, bud, love
k key, cock, school ʊ foot, good, put
ɡ get, giggle, ghost fleece, sea, machine
ʧ church, match, nature face, day, steak
ʤ judge, age, soldier price, high, try
f fat, coffee, rough, physics ɔɪ choice, boy
v view, heavy, move goose, two, blue
θ thing, author, path   əʊ goat, show, no
ð this, other, smooth   goat, show, no
s soon, cease, sister   ɒʊ variant in cold
z zero, zone, roses, buzz mouth, now
ʃ ship, sure, station   ɪə near, here, serious
ʒ pleasure, vision   square, fair, various
h hot, whole, behind ɑː start, father
m more, hammer, sum   ɑː lot, odd
n nice, know, funny, sun   ɒː thought, law
ŋ ring, long, thanks, sung   ɔː thought, law
l light, valley, feel ɔː north, war
r right, sorry, arrange   variant in force, four
j yet, use, beauty   ʊə cure, poor, jury
w wet, one, when, queen   ɜː nurse, stir
In foreign words only   ɝː nurse, stir, courage3
x loch, chutzpah i happy, radiation, glorious
  ɬ Llanelli, Hluhluwe ə about, comma, common
        u influence, situation, annual
        ɪ intend, basic
          ʊ stimulus, educate
        In foreign words only
          ɒ̃ grand  prix, chanson
        ɑ̃ː grand  prix, chanson
          ɒ̃ː chanson
        æ̃ vingt-et-un
          ɜ̃ː vingt-et-un


1 RP =received pronunciation; Gen Am = General American.
2 The diacritic mark in t̬ indicates voice.
3 The diacritic mark in ɝ indicates "rhotic" (r-coloured) pronunciation.